The role of entrepreneurship in addressing women unsafe migration: The case of dessie city administration, Ethiopia
Dr. Hamed MS Ahmed, Mulugeta Chane Wube
This study is designed to assess the role of entrepreneurship in addressing women unsafe migration in Dessie town. The study tried to address the economic, administrative and training supports that women returnees in Dessie town get so as to start their own business. The fact that Dessie town is a hot spot to women unsafe migration and similar studies were not done in the area was the main motivating factors that force the researcher to study the issue. In doing so a sample of 105 women returnees in 2008/9 E.C who have been involved in women unsafe migration were taken for the study using comprehensive sampling technique. Moreover, interviews and focus group discussions have been made with women and children affairs, labor and social affairs and TVED office leaders/expertise using a purposive sampling. So as to answer the basic questions a questionnaire having demographic profile, economic, administrative and training supports together with unsafe migration intension of women because of the supports were prepared in a Likert scale having 5 scales. Moreover, interviews and focus group discussions have been held with women and children affairs, labor and social affairs and TVED office leaders/expertise have been held. After the data has been collected, it was analyzed using SPSS V.21 using descriptive narrations, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential analysis (correlation and regression). The findings of the study showed that the different economic supports such as finance, market linkage, business training, working area, seed money, information support, technological and infrastructural supports given to women returnees to start their own business is limited. Moreover, administrative supports including business assistance, administrative network, legal and policy supports, loan support, bureaucracies, incentives and tax advantages are extremely weak. In addition, the training supports mainly entrepreneurship, marketing, accounting and finance, operations and production management, business plan development and kaizen training are not as such encouraging. The study also found that the limited economic, administrative and training supports given to women returnees do not bring an encouraging entrepreneurial attitude. Hence the supports do not contribute a lot in reducing women unsafe migration through starting own business. Hence the study reaches to the conclusion that the role of entrepreneurship in addressing women unsafe migration in Dessie town is not as such significant. Hence it is recommended that much should be done in the side of the government in providing the necessary economic, administrative and training supports so as to encourage women entrepreneurship thereby women unsafe migration can be reduced.