Land acquisition in metro projects-process and impacts
In India land acquisition by government has generally impacted people negatively because the Land Acquisation Act of 1894 was based on the principle of eminent domain and compensation offered was based on historical value rather than market value. The implementation of RFCTLARR 2013 in India has provided for informed consent during land acquisition. Metro Rail Projects being linear projects in a brown field environment, necessarily result in land acquisition. This article briefly examines how various states/metro companies have approached this issue. The Ahmedabad Metro project is studied in detail to understand the innovations carried out by Ahmedabad Metro in the land acquisition process, so as to minimize the time taken and improve the condition of PAFs affected by land acquisition.